NIVELES DE ESTRÉS Y CONSUMO DE ALCOHOL ANORMAL EN CUIDADORES DE PACIENTES DEL HOSPITAL DE CLÍNICAS

  • Raúl Andrés Tornaco Maidana Facultad de Ciencias Médicas. Universidad Nacional de Asunción, Paraguay
  • Marcelo Gerardo O’Higgins Roche Facultad de Ciencias Médicas. Universidad Nacional de Asunción, Paraguay

Resumen

Introducción: Un control adecuado de los niveles de estrés de los cuidadores
de pacientes podría prevenir el desarrollo de enfermedades en
esta población, al igual que mejora el cuidado de los pacientes a su cargo.
El objetivo consiste en determinar la existencia de relación entre el
nivel de estrés en los cuidadores de pacientes con patrones de consumo
de alcohol en los servicios de Clínica Médica del Hospital de Clínicas de
san Lorenzo en el 2018
Métodos: Estudio observacional analítico, transversal con muestreo
no probabilístico de casos consecutivos a conveniencia. Se estudió a
los cuidadores de pacientes hospitalizados en los servicios de Clínica
Médica del Hospital de Clínicas de San Lorenzo, Paraguay. Se utilizó el
cuestionario Caregiver Self Assesment Questionaire para medir los niveles
de estrés y el cuestionario AUDIT-C para evaluación de los patrones de
consumo de alcohol. IC=95%.
Resultados: Sobre una muestra de 55 cuidadores de pacientes se encontró
que el 77,78% eran mujeres, con una media de edad de 38,35
13,56 años. El 87,72% tenía un nivel de estrés elevado y el 14,04% de los
sujetos tenían un consumo anormal de alcohol. Se encontró asociación
significativa entre nivel de estrés elevado y consumo anormal de alcohol
( =5,3980, p=0,02016), pero no se encontró diferencias significativas
entre los sexos en el análisis estratificado.
Conclusión: Se encontró una relación significativa (p<0,05) entre el nivel
elevado de estrés en los sujetos con un consumo anormal de alcohol.


 


 


Conflicto de interés:
Los autores declaran no tener conflictos de interés


 



Financiamiento:
Autofinanciado


 


 


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Publicado
sep 18, 2019
##submission.howToCite##
TORNACO MAIDANA, Raúl Andrés; O’HIGGINS ROCHE, Marcelo Gerardo. NIVELES DE ESTRÉS Y CONSUMO DE ALCOHOL ANORMAL EN CUIDADORES DE PACIENTES DEL HOSPITAL DE CLÍNICAS. Discover Medicine, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 1, p. 39 - 45, sep. 2019. ISSN 2521-5612. Disponible en: <https://revdiscovermedicine.com/index.php/inicio/article/view/168>. Fecha de acceso: 07 dic. 2019
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